Short historical retrospection of Amfipolis
Ancient Amfipolis “most brilliant and best”, first in Macedonia, was built amphitheatrically on a group of hills, where the prefecture Serres meets the sea. Her initial name was “Nine roads”.
From time to time, the city became the base of Athenians and Spartians who were interested in the exploitation of mines of gold and silver, that existed in Pangee Mountain. Demosthenes in his speaches always stressed the value of Amfipolis, for her safe harbour, the timber from Kerdyllia mountain, the rich mines, as well as her fertile hinterland, that was extended up to the areas of Nigrita, Serres, Zichnis and Pangee. The ship yards of Amfipolis were the most important those days
Amfipolis owes her acne to the Athenians, who got very interested right after the battle of Marathone (490 B.C.) , realising in the 466 B.C. the first failed expedition for her occupation. Twenty nine years later, Agnon, at command of Pericles, built Amfipolis at the place where “Nine roads” used to be.
In the 424 B.C. the Spartian general Brasidas accomplished to take Amfipolis from the Athenians, after a race as we would say, with the Athenian general Thoukidides, who delayed because of a horrible blizzard! Thus the Athenians lost Amfipolis and general Thoukidides was accused as a traitor for his delay, he was judged in absentia by his compatriots and was condemned in twenty years of exile.
Athenians tried many times to take Amfipolis back, without success. During one of these efforts general Brasidas was killed , and he had been buried in the main market (Agora) of the city.
Amfipolis had also been used as a base by Alexander the Great for his expedition in Asia, and later, for the Romans was capital of the area
In 51 A.D. Missionary Paul passed from Amfipolis on his way to Thessalonici, following Egnatia street that connected Rome with the Byzantium.
After the decline of the Romans Amfipolis was conquered the next centuries by the slaves, Normans, Catalans, Serbs and Turkish.
in 1956, professor D. Lazaridis took care of the excavations in Amfipolis, that brought in the light too many and admirable discoveries.